Test your knowledge on haematology

Read the article on haematology then answer these three questions to check your understanding. You may want to document your answers and any learning points to save in your CPD folder along with the article.

Read our clinical feature on haematology

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE ON HAEMATOLOGY
Question 1

How is it thought that acute lymphoblastic leukaemia develops?

Answer
Most children who develop acute lymphoblastic leukaemia are thought to be born with an initial genetic mutation and then a second factor such as that triggered by infection occurs later to induce malignancy.
Question 2

What are the presenting signs and symptoms of acute leukaemia?

Answer

Presenting signs and symptoms are often non-specific such as weakness and fatigue but there may be signs of infection or easy bruising and bleeding such as petechiae.

Question 3

What is the mainstay of treatment for acute leukaemia?

Answer

Intensive combination chemotherapy given mainly intravenously in an in-patient setting often requiring additional support with blood products and intravenous antimicrobials.

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