Infants who were given 30% sucrose or glucose solution prior to immunisation were half as likely to cry afterwards, trials showed.
Although researchers could not identify the ideal dose to give, they recommended GPs should consider giving infants sweet solutions before painful procedures.
Previous studies showed a few drops of sweet solution had an analgesic effect on young infants during minor painful procedures.
To review the current evidence, researchers identified 14 studies of the efficacy of sweet solutions for reducing pain in children.
They assessed the data from 1,674 injections in infants aged 1-12 months and found the solutions had an analgesic effect in all but one of the studies.
Authors concluded: ‘Healthcare professionals responsible for administering immunisations should consider using sucrose or glucose during painful procedures.'
Further work is needed to find the most effective dosage, they added.
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Item Code: MINT/PPR-12008
Date of Preparation: May 2012