Six key figures that question fairness of CQC ratings for GPs

Are CQC inspections fair for GP practices? GPonline looks back at data from the first round of CQC GP inspections to investigate how factors outside practices' control influence their ratings.

Using data from more than 6,800 practice ratings, GPonline has analysed how factors such as funding, geography, number of GPs, list size, deprivation and contract type influence CQC scores.

Our investigations have suggested that factors often outside of GPs’ control are likely to affect the rating a practice will receive - backing up GP leaders' concerns that the CQC’s one-size-fits-all rating system cannot accurately compare practices.

GPC chair Dr Richard Vautrey has said: ‘The simplistic rating scale used by the CQC is not fit for purpose. It doesn’t fit the reality facing practices. We have consistently raised concerns about this.’

The CQC, on the other hand, says that factors such as deprivation among patients are not a barrier to practices achieving top ratings - and that many practices have overcome these issues to secure 'good' or 'outstanding' ratings.

Below, GPonline looks back at six key factors our investigations have linked to CQC ratings. Vote in the poll below to let us know whether you are satisfied that CQC ratings are fair for general practice.

Practice funding

Outstanding practices are paid 32% more on average than those rated inadequate.

Location

Practices are five times more likely to be rated outstanding if they are outside London.

GP:patient ratio

Outstanding practices have 50% more GPs per 1,000 patients than those rated inadequate - meaning that each GP at an outstanding practice is likely to be managing a far smaller list than a counterpart in a practice rated inadequate.

List size

Outstanding GP practices are on average twice as large as those rated inadequate. The CQC has said it is too early to tell whether practices coming together through mergers and federations are driving up standards, but the watchdog's chief inspector has said the days of 'single-handed practices working in isolation are over'.

Contract type

Practices are three times more likely to win an outstanding CQC rating if they are on an APMS contract rather than a GMS deal.

Deprivation

Finally, our investigation published earlier this week revealed a clear link between practices' CQC ratings and levels of deprivation among their patient population. Outstanding practices tend to be in areas with less deprivation than those with lower ratings, our analysis found.

CQC advice for GPs
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How to prepare for a CQC inspection
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How will CQC inspections change for GPs from 2018
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Map: CQC ratings for every practice in England

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