A strategic plan published by the college on Monday sets out four objectives - to shape the future of general practice, ensure GP education meets the profession's changing needs, to build and strengthen its membership and be the voice of general practice.
The college says it will work to 'restore pride and confidence in general practice and defend the profession from longstanding underfunding by enhancing its influence'.
Writing in the document, called Great doctors, great care, college chair Professor Helen Stokes-Lampard said: 'GPs and our teams are facing challenges that a decade ago would have been unthinkable.
'More and more of our patients are living with multiple, chronic conditions - our workload is increasing and becoming more complex, but staffing numbers are not keeping pace with the needs of the population. Yet I’m still convinced that, if our service is properly resourced, being a GP can be the best job in the world.
'General practice is the foundation of the NHS. Our service is revered worldwide. We aim to keep it that way and to continue to improve and innovate.
The college's plan sets out core values that will underpin its work and eight programmes that will help it work towards its strategic objectives.