The All-Party Parliamentary Group on Global TB found that 60% of PCTs do not have a TB strategy.
In addition, around 20% of those serving areas with more than 40 new cases for every 100,000 people have no such strategy.
The MPs said that all PCTs should have a ‘coherent, locally relevant' strategy on TB in place.
The group also found that the number of PCTs screening high-risk groups has fallen since it surveyed PCTs in 2007. It has called on the UK government to carry out an evaluation of programmes for screening at-risk groups, such as settled migrants.
The All-Party Parliamentary Group on Global TB worked with the British Thoracic Society, Royal College Nursing (RCN) and TB Alert to develop and conduct the survey.