Indicators for the new NHS Outcomes Framework will be used to hold the NHS Commissioning Board to account, and form part of a cascade of accountability through which clinical commissioning groups (CCGs) will be judged.
Data from two of these indicators show that, although fewer people per 100,000 population under 75 are dying from respiratory disease compared to nearly a decade ago, deaths from liver disease have increased.
About 20 women and 29 men per 100,000 of the population died from respiratory disease in England in 2009. This compared to about 22 and 33 per 100,000 respectively in 2001.
In contrast, about 10 women and 19 men per 100,000 of the population died from liver disease, compared with about 9 women and 16 men in 2001.
Ministers want the framework to improve transparency and quality and outcome measurement.
The new indicators present national level data on unplanned hospitalisation, employment of people with long term conditions or mental illness and patient experience of maternity, A&E and hospital care, and cover five domain areas.
The indicators will assess clinical quality of care including prevention of premature death, improivng quality of life, recovery, experience of care and avoiding harm.
Data for 16 the 30 indicators published on Friday have been released for the first time.