Newborns at risk as whooping cough jab uptake plummets

Almost 90% of pregnant women in parts of England have not protected their unborn child against whooping cough after a fall in uptake of the pertussis vaccine, prompting concern from public health officials.

Fewer pregnant women are receiving the pertussis vaccine (Photo: Jason Heath Lancy)

Only 10.5% of expectant mums in parts of northern England have received the vaccine, latest figures from Public Health England (PHE) show.

Nationally, vaccination rates have fallen by 10 percentage points since February, with only 49.8% of mums-to-be now receiving the pertussis vaccine, Repevax.

Public health chiefs fear the steep fall may leave thousands of newborn infants at risk this winter, a time of year when cases have increased in previous years.

One baby under two months old has already died this year from the disease.

PHE said GP practices and maternity units will be contacted by NHS England teams and urged to improve immunisation rates.

A national pertussis vaccination programme was introduced in October 2012 to protect newborn infants against whooping cough, following an outbreak that began in April 2012.

Vaccinating pregnant women transfers immunity to their unborn child until the first routine dose of the pertussis vaccine can be given at eight weeks old.

PHE experts analysed GP data for 332,594 pregnant women between October 2012 and June 2013. They looked at the proportion of pregnant women due to give birth in each month who had received the pertussis vaccine.

Of the 332,594 women included in the analysis, a total of 175,767 were vaccinated, an average uptake rate of 52.8% over this time. Vaccination reached a peak of 59.6% in February 2013, but fell to 49.8% by June.

In Durham, Darlington and Tees uptake rates fell from 61.5% to 10.5% over this period. In contrast, Devon, Cornwall and Isles of Scilly had the highest vaccination rates in the country in June at 75.9%.

The report said the data should be 'interpreted with caution' due to large variations in the reported number of women between months and areas.

Nevertheless, the authors said the overall fall in uptake was 'of particular concern given that there are still high levels of pertussis activity in the population and a further increase in cases was observed around this time last year'.

RCGP immunisation lead and Berkshire GP Dr George Kassianos said: ‘We need to look into the causes of this relative apathy. Practices should encourage midwives to promote the vaccine to pregnant women. We should write and write again, text and ring every unvaccinated pregnant woman.

'We should never allow another baby to die unprotected when we can protect every single unborn child.’

Have you registered with us yet?

Register now to enjoy more articles and free email bulletins


Already registered?

Sign in

Just published

Consultants in London on strike earlier this year

Consultants to vote on new pay deal to end strikes

Consultants will vote on a government pay offer that would increase salaries by up...

BMA England GP committee chair Dr Katie Bramall-Stainer (Photo: Sarah Turton/BMA)

GPs' willingness to take collective action will underpin contract talks

GPs' willingness to take part in 'once in a generation' collective action will underpin...

GP consultation

GPs out of work 'because practices can’t afford to hire them', warns GP leader

Growing numbers of GPs are struggling to find work - with some considering moving...

computer and stethoscope

Petition demanding SCA exam refund collects almost 2,000 signatures

Almost 2,000 people have signed a petition demanding refunds for doctors whose GP...

Dr Katie Bramall-Stainer, chair of the BMA's GP committee in England

Dr Katie Bramall-Stainer: 'The GMS contract is not broken - it has been broken'

BMA England GP committee chair Dr Katie Bramall-Stainer received a standing ovation...

LMC conference sign

LMCs demand formal ballot on outcome of GP contract talks

LMCs have demanded a formal ballot on the outcome of talks over next year's GP contract,...