Dr Nav Chana, a GP in Surrey and previously NAPC vice-chairman, was elected as chairman of the executive at the meeting on Thursday.
His predecessor, Dr Charles Alessi, will take on the role of co-chair.
Dr Chana said: 'I look forward to this new leadership arrangement, which will provide continuity and stability to the organisation, but also allow us to grow and develop the NAPC so that we can continue to deliver our ambition of high-quality, population-based healthcare, configured around an excellent primary care system.'
Dr James Kingsland, former NAPC chairman, will continue as president, a role he has held since 2008.
Dr Nikita Kanani, a GP in south-east London, was appointed as honorary secretary, having been a member of the NAPC council and executive for more than five years. She said she was 'thrilled' to be appointed, adding: 'I am committed to assisting and supporting our colleagues and members in my new role.'
The NAPC also elected to its council Dr Lia Ali, a consultant psychiatrist at South London & Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, and Sue Robinson, head of health policy, corporate policy, and communications at the London Borough of Bexley.