The number of prescriptions for ADHD drugs grew 20.1 per cent from 49,258 to 59,461 between 2005/6 and 2006/7.
Around 2 per cent of five- to 14-year-olds are taking ADHD drugs in Fife, the area where prescribing rates are highest. Scotland-wide, the figure is around half this level.
Antidepressant prescriptions tripled between 1992/3 to 2006/7 from 1.2 million a year to 3.65 million.
The data also show that prescriptions for dementia drugs rose 14 per cent between 2005/6 and 2006/7.
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