In a report out this week, the think tank backs government policies such as practice-based commissioning (PBC).
But it warns that health outcomes have fallen behind those of other countries, and says the NHS cannot rely on increased spending to improve services.
Professor Nick Bosanquet, one of the report's authors, said the health service 'needs an economic constitution which gives every level of the service the duty to achieve value for money'.
The report argues that the health service still favours providers over patients. It criticises GPs for failing to offer choice, and for using PBC budgets to pay for direct provision rather than to commission new services.
It also says the DoH's obsession with short-term targets has prevented PCTs making long-term health plans, and criticises its 'one-size-fits-all' approach in areas such as extended hours.
Comment below and tell us what you think