If appointed, Professor Haslam, a GP in Cambridgeshire until 2011 and former RCGP president and chairman, as well as BMA president, would take over from outgoing chairman Sir Michael Rawlins, who will step down in March.
Sir Michael has led NICE since its formation in 1999. His successor will take charge of the organisation as it becomes the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence from April 2013, when its remit will be extended to adults' and children's social care.
The House of Commons health select committee will consider Professor Haslam's suitability for the role on Tuesday. Health secretary Jeremy Hunt will then decide whether to appoint Professor Haslam to the role.
Professor Haslam is the national clinical adviser to the Care Quality Commission (CQC) and the current chair of NICE's Evidence Accreditation Advisory Board.