On 5 January, the Sunday Times reported that '11m patients have endured waits of more than three weeks to see a GP since Boris Johnson pledged to eradicate such delays'.
The story was picked up by other media outlets including specialist healthcare publications.
Where did the headline figure come from?
NHS Digital publishes data monthly on appointments in general practice. The widely-reported 11m headline figure comes from adding up appointments that took place more than three weeks after they were booked in the months after Mr Johnson promised to reduce waits.
Data is available up to November 2019 - and 11.3m appointments in general practice were delivered more than three weeks after they were booked in August - November 2019.
However, there are three major caveats that mean the claim that 11m patients have waited more than three weeks to see a GP since July cannot be drawn from the NHS Digital figures.
Firstly, the data added together to reach the 11.3m figure include both GP appointments and appointments with other practice staff. Secondly, the figures do not differentiate between genuine delays and appointments booked in advance, and finally the figures relate to appointments, not patients - so the same person booking a regular appointment in advance could account for many appointments.
The second point is acknowledged in the Sunday Times story, but not in several of the follow-up versions published elsewhere.
What are the facts?
Analysis by GPonline of the full data available - confirmed by NHS Digital - shows that of the 11.3m appointments in general practice between August and November 2019 that took place more than three weeks after booking, just 3.9m were appointments with a GP - a third of the figure widely reported.
A total of 7.3m of these appointments were with 'other practice staff', and for the remaining handful it is 'unknown' whether the appointment was with a GP or someone else.
To put this in context, over the four-month period in question just over 52m appointments with GPs took place across practices that returned data - meaning the proportion of GP appointments delivered more than three weeks after booking was just 7%.
Meanwhile, GPs say that a huge proportion of appointments that take place more than three weeks after booking were simply booked ahead.
BMA GP committee chair Dr Richard Vautrey told GPonline: 'The data is not collected to help say definitively how many of these longer times between booking and appointments are waits for routine appointments or effective advanced booking, but it’s likely that most would be the latter.
'This means follow-up appointments after an initial consultation, planned review appointments for long-term conditions or non-urgent problems, or may indeed be appointments booked with a request to see a specific GP, who the patient would rather wait to see rather than accepting the much earlier appointment offered with another GP or healthcare professional.'
Wessex LMCs chief executive Dr Nigel Watson said that as many as 60-70% of appointments with practice nurses were booked ahead, and that this could often involve booking three weeks or more in advance. Numbers of appointments booked three weeks or more before they took place could also be pushed up by practices routinely inviting patients with long-term conditions to attend a clinic in a few weeks' time, he added.
Is there still a problem with access to GPs?
Dr Watson said that although advance booking for nurse appointments was extremely common, for the 3.9m GP appointments between August and November that took place more than three weeks after booking, a 'significant proportion' but 'probably not the bulk' were likely to have been booked ahead.
If that's correct, it may still be the case that the number of GP appointments involving a wait of more than three weeks over the four-month period from August to November 2019 runs into seven figures - even if the number is nowhere near the 11m reported.
There is no doubt at all that general practice is under significant pressure. The number of full-time equivalent, fully-qualified GPs has dropped by more than 1,000 since former health secretary Jeremy Hunt promised in 2015 to increase the workforce by 5,000 GPs - while demand for appointments has risen and the population GPs care for has aged.
GPonline's 'GP barometer' looking at the state of the profession at the start of 2020 highlights some of the key factors behind this pressure.
RCGP chair Professor Martin Marshall said in response to the Sunday Times story that it is 'totally unacceptable to expect patients to wait weeks for a GP appointment' - but warned that general practice had been 'running on empty for too long'. Both the college and the BMA have called for significant increased investment in general practice.
NHS Digital confirmed the GPonline analysis of its data on GP appointments was correct, and explained that its two main caveats around interpreting the figures were that the headline information included appointments with all practice staff, not just GPs, and that advance bookings were included.