The draft quality standard on diabetes consists of 15 statements, each with associated quality measures.
These range from annual care plan reviews, including agreed and documented goals, to structured education to maintain HbA1c levels.
The draft standard on glaucoma includes referral for definitive diagnosis; creation of a management plan; and an offer of surgery for people with chronic open angle glaucoma (COAG) who are at risk of progressive loss of vision despite treatment, or who have advanced visual loss.
Dr Fergus Macbeth, director of the Centre for Clinical Practice at NICE, said: 'As these draft quality standards highlight, an integrated approach to provision of services is fundamental to the delivery of high quality care to adults with diabetes and people with glaucoma.
'These draft quality standards require that services should be commissioned from and coordinated across all relevant agencies encompassing the whole care pathways for both conditions.'
He said the standards would set the benchmark for healthcare quality in these two disease areas.
They can also be used to assess existing practice and improve future services so that healthcare commissioners and providers can deliver the best care locally, he added.
NICE has previously issued quality standards for stroke, dementia, venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention and specialist neonatal care. In total, it hopes to produce around 150 quality standards.