Anxiety doubles risk of death from heart disease, study finds

Anxiety doubles the chance of death from heart disease and should be considered as important a risk factor as depression, a US study suggests.

Anxiety and depression independently raise the risk of death from heart disease
Anxiety and depression independently raise the risk of death from heart disease

Researchers found that anxiety independently raises health risks in patients with coexisting depression.

Risks of depression in heart disease are well understood, but more attention must be paid to the harm caused by anxiety, they said.

A team from Duke University in North Carolina measured levels of anxiety and depression among 934 patients with CHD who were due to undergo a cardiac catheterisation.

Patients with anxiety were more likely to be sleeping less and have a history of hypertension. Those with depression had a reduced left ventricular ejection fraction and greater rates of heart failure.

Patients who had both were more likely to be smokers.

There were 133 deaths during the three years after the procedures. Higher anxiety levels led to a 2.3 times greater risk of mortality after accounting for established risks such as age, heart failure and renal disease. Depression led to a 2.2-fold raised mortality risk.

Patients with both anxiety and depression faced a 3.1 times higher risk than those with neither.

Anxiety is believed to cause elevated nervous system activity, inflammation and hypertension.

Lead author Dr Lana Watkins of Duke University Medical Centre said clinicians should 'assess patients for both anxiety and depression, and continue to monitor these symptoms on a regular basis'.

She added: 'It's now time for anxiety to be considered as important as depression'.

Have you registered with us yet?

Register now to enjoy more articles and free email bulletins

Register

Already registered?

Sign in

Follow Us:

Just published

LMCs demand renegotiation of COVID-19 enhanced service deal

LMCs demand renegotiation of COVID-19 enhanced service deal

LMCs have called for a renegotiation of funding for the COVID-19 vaccination enhanced...

LMCs demand ballot of profession on PCN DES ahead of next contract talks

LMCs demand ballot of profession on PCN DES ahead of next contract talks

LMCs have demanded a ballot of GPs on the primary care network (PCN) DES before BMA...

Lack of support left locums at physical and financial risk in pandemic, say LMCs

Lack of support left locums at physical and financial risk in pandemic, say LMCs

Locum GPs have faced significant physical and financial risk because of a lack of...

LMCs demand NHS England apology over ‘abhorrent' claims about general practice

LMCs demand NHS England apology over ‘abhorrent' claims about general practice

LMCs have called on NHS England to apologise for ‘abhorrent and insulting’ suggestions...

CCGs to be stripped of commissioning role under reforms backed by NHS England

CCGs to be stripped of commissioning role under reforms backed by NHS England

CCGs could be stripped of their commissioning role under plans set out by NHS England,...

Shielding advice updated to reflect return to tiered system on 2 December

Shielding advice updated to reflect return to tiered system on 2 December

The government has updated its guidance for patients on the shielding list to reflect...