Of 167 grass-roots GPs who took part in the survey, 80 per cent opposed the GPC's decision not to take national action.
Fifty per cent said Dr Meldrum should resign for failing to negotiate a pay rise.
Dr Meldrum rejected calls for him to go: 'I don't feel under pressure to resign, in the sense that I have gone back on my word - I haven't.
'What I said about resigning at last year's LMCs conference has been misreported.
'I was responding to a debate, along the lines of: "We agreed to the 2006/7 deal to address the perception that the GP contract had overdelivered, and if I agreed to another year of taking on more unfunded work I may have to think about resigning."'
Dr Meldrum said he had not gone back on his word because he had not agreed to the pay freeze in 2007/8 - it had been imposed.
He added that a GPC call for national action, such as boycotting a particular service, would amount to industrial action. The GPC would have to ballot the profession to do this, he said.