Cardiovascular system

Browse cardiovascular system education and news articles by subsections - angina; atrial fibrillation; blood pressure;  circulatory disorders; heart failure; hyperlipidaemia; myocardial infarction (MI) including left ventricular dysfunction; TIA; stroke and congenital cardiac disorders and peripheral vascular disease.

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Transthoracic echocardiogram showing mitral regurgitation (‘parasternal long axis view’). RV = right ventricle. IVS = interventricular septum. LV = left ventricle. Ao = aorta. MR = mitral regurgitation. LA = left atrium.
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Mitral valve disease: clinical review

Clinical review of infective endocarditis: diagnosis and management

Aortic valve disease: clinical review

Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring

Angina

Managing stable angina in primary care

Managing stable angina in primary care

How to manage angina and when to refer as an emergency. By Dr Vinoda Sharma and consultant...

NICE guidelines - Treatment of stable angina

NICE guidelines - Treatment of stable angina

This new guideline outlines the best treatment strategies. By Dr Leonard Jacob and...

The Basics - Stable angina
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The Basics - Stable angina

A combination of lifestyle and interventional measures are often used in managing...

Atrial fibrillation

Red flag symptoms: Arrhythmias

Red flag symptoms: Arrhythmias

An overview of the red flags in cases of arrhythmias, suitable primary care investigations...

Use of newer oral anticoagulants in AF

Use of newer oral anticoagulants in AF

A guide to using novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for stroke prevention in non-valvular...

NOAC prescribing varies 16-fold between CCG areas

NOAC prescribing varies 16-fold between CCG areas

The proportion of AF patients at high risk of stroke who are receiving anticoagulation...

Blood pressure

Weakness and hypotension: case study

Weakness and hypotension: case study

A case of weakness and hypotension that led to a diagnosis of Addison's disease.

Chest pain - Red flag symptoms
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Chest pain - Red flag symptoms

Causes and management of chest pain in primary care and red flag symptoms that should...

Clinical review: Hypertension

Clinical review: Hypertension

Contributed by Dr Klaus Witte, associate professor in cardiology and consultant cardiologist,...

Circulatory disorders

Upper extremity DVT - case study

Upper extremity DVT - case study

A case of upper limb thrombosis.

High-dose ibuprofen faces European regulator review

High-dose ibuprofen faces European regulator review

The European drug regulator will review the safety of high-dose oral ibuprofen after...

Red flag symptoms - Absent peripheral pulses

Red flag symptoms - Absent peripheral pulses

How to recognise a potentially life-threatening condition.

Heart failure

Clinical Review: Heart failure

Clinical Review: Heart failure

Heart failure (HF) occurs when abnormal cardiac function causes the heart to fail...

Use charities to educate people about JBS3 lessons for CVD

Use charities to educate people about JBS3 lessons for CVD

A new 'risk calculator' determining an individual's vulnerability to cardiovascular...

Rheumatoid arthritis increases fatal blood clot risk

Rheumatoid arthritis increases fatal blood clot risk

Rheumatoid arthritis greatly increases the risk of potentially fatal blood clots,...

Hyperlipidaemia

NICE backs new options to lower cholesterol when statins fall short

NICE backs new options to lower cholesterol when statins fall short

NICE has backed two last-line options to treat patients with high cholesterol who...

Lipid modification: NICE guideline

Lipid modification: NICE guideline

NICE recommendations on cardiovascular risk assessment and statin use.

GPs raise pressure on NICE to scrap statin plans
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GPs raise pressure on NICE to scrap statin plans

A group of senior doctors including prominent GPs have urged NICE to abandon plans...

Myocardial infarction, Left ventricular dysfunction

NICE recommends heart attack patients take ticagrelor for longer period

NICE recommends heart attack patients take ticagrelor for longer period

Patients who have had a heart attack or stroke should continue to receive the anticoagulant...

Cardiac rehab patients 'denied mental health support'

Cardiac rehab patients 'denied mental health support'

Patients referred by their GP to cardiac rehabilitation are not receiving psychological...

Local GP practice networks save lives and boost QOF scores, study finds

Local GP practice networks save lives and boost QOF scores, study finds

Organising practices into managed networks could reduce premature deaths and boost...

More MI and left ventricular dysfunction articles

Transient ischemic attack

Journals watch: TIA, carpal tunnel syndrome and anaemia

Journals watch: TIA, carpal tunnel syndrome and anaemia

Too busy to read all of the journals? Dr Lizzie Croton selects papers of interest...

Blurred vision - Red flag symptoms
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Blurred vision - Red flag symptoms

Anatomical and physiological conditions of the eye can cause blurring.

Clinical Review - Transient ischaemic attack

Clinical Review - Transient ischaemic attack

How to assess, diagnose and manage TIA in primary care. By Dr Sam Qureshi, Dr Angela...

Stroke

Stroke risk doubled in patients with depression, GPs warned

Stroke risk doubled in patients with depression, GPs warned

GPs should monitor stroke risk in patients with recurring depression even if they...

Viewpoint: Statins in ischaemic stroke prevention

Viewpoint: Statins in ischaemic stroke prevention

Professor Peter Sever and Professor Neil Poulter discuss the role of statins in stroke...

Clinical Review: Stroke - epidemiology, diagnosis and management

Clinical Review: Stroke - epidemiology, diagnosis and management

Stroke is a common, serious and treatable condition. In the past 20 years, there...

Congenital cardiac disorders

Pulse oximetry to screen newborns for heart defects

Pulse oximetry to screen newborns for heart defects

Pulse oximetry testing to detect congenital heart defects in newborns will be piloted...

Cardiomyopathy - clinical review

Cardiomyopathy - clinical review

Discussing the diagnosis, management and prognosis of cardiomyopathy. By Dr cardiologist...

Brugada syndrome

Brugada syndrome

GP Dr Keith Barnard discusses the cause and symptoms.

More cardiovascular disease articles

Cardiac rehabilitation: impact and uptake

Cardiac rehabilitation: impact and uptake

An overview of the evidence for cardiac rehabilitation, including the core components...

Fracture risk, BP monitoring and screening for COPD: journals update May 2016

Fracture risk, BP monitoring and screening for COPD: journals update May 2016

Recent research of interest to GPs, including fracture risk among Asian women taking...

Peripheral arterial disease: identification and management

Peripheral arterial disease: identification and management

Diagnosis and management of peripheral arterial disease, including risk factors,...

Coronary heart disease in women

Coronary heart disease in women

Common presenting symptoms in women with CHD and conditions that raise cardiovascular...

Case study: Breathlessness on exertion

Case study: Breathlessness on exertion

Breathlessness did not indicate a respiratory cause in this case.

Viewpoint : Abdominal aortic aneurysm

Viewpoint : Abdominal aortic aneurysm

Mr Constantinos Kyriakides discusses the role of screening for abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Viewpoint: New NICE guideline on lipid modification

Viewpoint: New NICE guideline on lipid modification

Dr Rubin Minhas discusses the NICE draft guidance on lipid modification and its implications...

Clinical review of varicose veins: epidemiology, diagnosis and management

Clinical review of varicose veins: epidemiology, diagnosis and management

Lower limb venous disease affects more than 50% of the adult population, accounting...

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