Cardiovascular system

Browse our cardiovascular education and news articles by subsections - angina; atrial fibrillation; blood pressure;  circulatory disorders; heart failure; hyperlipidaemia and stroke. Plus articles on myocardial infarction (MI) including left ventricular dysfunction; TIA;  congenital cardiac disorders and peripheral vascular disease.

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Case study: Breathlessness on exertion

Upper extremity DVT - case study

Clinical review: Valvular heart disease

Atherosclerosis. Coloured light micrograph of a cross-section through an artery obstructed with atheroma plaque

Clinical review: Peripheral vascular disease

Angina

Managing stable angina in primary care

Managing stable angina in primary care

How to manage angina and when to refer as an emergency. By Dr Vinoda Sharma and consultant...

NICE guidelines - Treatment of stable angina

NICE guidelines - Treatment of stable angina

This new guideline outlines the best treatment strategies. By Dr Leonard Jacob and...

The Basics - Stable angina
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The Basics - Stable angina

A combination of lifestyle and interventional measures are often used in managing...

Atrial fibrillation

Red flag symptoms: Arrhythmias

Red flag symptoms: Arrhythmias

An overview of the red flags in cases of arrhythmias, suitable primary care investigations...

Use of newer oral anticoagulants in AF

Use of newer oral anticoagulants in AF

A guide to using novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for stroke prevention in non-valvular...

NOAC prescribing varies 16-fold between CCG areas

NOAC prescribing varies 16-fold between CCG areas

The proportion of AF patients at high risk of stroke who are receiving anticoagulation...

Blood pressure

Weakness and hypotension: case study

Weakness and hypotension: case study

A case of weakness and hypotension that led to a diagnosis of Addison's disease.

Chest pain - Red flag symptoms
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Chest pain - Red flag symptoms

Causes and management of chest pain in primary care and red flag symptoms that should...

Clinical review: Hypertension

Clinical review: Hypertension

Contributed by Dr Klaus Witte, associate professor in cardiology and consultant cardiologist,...

Circulatory disorders

Mitral valve disease: clinical review
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Mitral valve disease: clinical review

An overview of mitral valve disease, including the aetiology and clinical features...

High-dose ibuprofen faces European regulator review

High-dose ibuprofen faces European regulator review

The European drug regulator will review the safety of high-dose oral ibuprofen after...

Red flag symptoms - Absent peripheral pulses

Red flag symptoms - Absent peripheral pulses

How to recognise a potentially life-threatening condition.

Heart failure

GP advice scheme for heart failure saves lives and frees hospital beds
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GP advice scheme for heart failure saves lives and frees hospital beds

GPs in Southwark and Lambeth will be able to directly access specialist heart failure...

Clinical Review: Heart failure

Clinical Review: Heart failure

Heart failure (HF) occurs when abnormal cardiac function causes the heart to fail...

Rheumatoid arthritis increases fatal blood clot risk

Rheumatoid arthritis increases fatal blood clot risk

Rheumatoid arthritis greatly increases the risk of potentially fatal blood clots,...

Hyperlipidaemia

NICE backs new options to lower cholesterol when statins fall short

NICE backs new options to lower cholesterol when statins fall short

NICE has backed two last-line options to treat patients with high cholesterol who...

Lipid modification: NICE guideline

Lipid modification: NICE guideline

NICE recommendations on cardiovascular risk assessment and statin use.

GPs raise pressure on NICE to scrap statin plans
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GPs raise pressure on NICE to scrap statin plans

A group of senior doctors including prominent GPs have urged NICE to abandon plans...

Stroke

Stroke risk doubled in patients with depression, GPs warned

Stroke risk doubled in patients with depression, GPs warned

GPs should monitor stroke risk in patients with recurring depression even if they...

Viewpoint: Statins in ischaemic stroke prevention

Viewpoint: Statins in ischaemic stroke prevention

Professor Peter Sever and Professor Neil Poulter discuss the role of statins in stroke...

Clinical Review: Stroke - epidemiology, diagnosis and management

Clinical Review: Stroke - epidemiology, diagnosis and management

Stroke is a common, serious and treatable condition. In the past 20 years, there...

More cardiovascular education articles

Cardiovascular complications of renal disease

Cardiovascular complications of renal disease

Aetiology and management of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in patients with...

Clinical review of  infective endocarditis: diagnosis and management

Clinical review of infective endocarditis: diagnosis and management

The diagnosis and management of infective endocarditis, including investigations...

Aortic valve disease: clinical review

Aortic valve disease: clinical review

Clinical features of aortic valve disease, secondary care options and the latest...

Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring

Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring

The benefits of in-house ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), including the...

Cardiac rehabilitation: impact and uptake

Cardiac rehabilitation: impact and uptake

An overview of the evidence for cardiac rehabilitation, including the core components...

Fracture risk, BP monitoring and screening for COPD: journals update May 2016

Fracture risk, BP monitoring and screening for COPD: journals update May 2016

Recent research of interest to GPs, including fracture risk among Asian women taking...

Peripheral arterial disease: identification and management
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Peripheral arterial disease: identification and management

Diagnosis and management of peripheral arterial disease, including risk factors,...

Coronary heart disease in women

Coronary heart disease in women

Common presenting symptoms in women with CHD and conditions that raise cardiovascular...

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