Test your knowledge on disseminated intravascular coagulation

Read the article on disseminated intravascular coagulation then answer these three questions to check your understanding. You may want to document your answers and any learning points to save in your CPD folder along with the article.

Signs and symptoms can reflect any point in the spectrum between bleeding and thrombosis (Photograph: SPL)
Signs and symptoms can reflect any point in the spectrum between bleeding and thrombosis (Photograph: SPL)

Read our clinical feature on haematology

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE ON HAEMATOLOGY
Question 1

When should DIC be suspected?

Answer

DIC is not a diagnosis in itself but a consequence of another clinical illness. When haemorrhagic or thrombotic complications arise in these conditions, DIC should be suspected.

Question 2

How is DIC diagnosed?

Answer

DIC is diagnosed taking into consideration the worsening trend of a combination of platelet count and coagulation tests in a patient who has a clinical condition known to be associated with the development of DIC.

Question 3

What are the treatment options for DIC?

Answer
The mainstay of treatment for DIC is management of the underlying cause but supportive blood product replacement is often required to prevent haemorrhagic complications.

 

Thrombotic complications may require special products, such as activated protein C.

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