Research Briefs: Five-fold CKD risk in smokers and drinkers

Smoking and drinking alcohol increases a person's risk of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD), US research has found. The study of over 8,000 people showed that the risk of CKD was almost double in current smokers and in those drinking four or more units of alcohol daily. People exposed to both factors had an almost five-fold increased risk (Am J Epidemiol 2006; 164: 263-71).

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