Understanding global air travel patterns before and during large gatherings is critical for public health officials deciding which outbreaks warrant greatest attention.
Dr Kamran Khan from St Michael’s Hospital in Toronto, Canada, points out that internet-based surveillance systems for global disease outbreaks can help track and predict global population movements.
Such tools allowed researchers to assess potential threats leading up to, during and after the 2010 Winter Olympic Games in Vancouver.
But researchers believe the 2012 Olympic Games in London will be the real test of the use of such tools to provide real risk assessments.
Using visitor numbers to London from past years, the researchers have created models to help inform London’s planning for the Olympics this year.
Writing about the findings, Dr Khan said data from different sources would need to be pulled together for such information to be useful.
‘An integrated platform of this kind could help identify the most effective public health measures to mitigate the risk of disease importation and local spread,’ they said.
Information needs to be integrated at both local and global levels, they said.
‘These systems remain weakly connected to local surveillance efforts, including those of mass gatherings,’ they commented.
The researchers said there also needed to be greater cooperation to encourage joint working between countries with common infectious disease threats.